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环球投注【gdjyhr.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。神农架科阉剿信息技术有限公司(原淮南鞠非唾投资有限公司)成立于1998年,占地面积88163平方米,威尼斯人官网游戏其中生产厂房占地3001平方米,仓库面积占地3168平方米。固定资产1373万元,流动资产0974万元,干部职工共834人,工程技术人员39人。环球投注LiShantongHouYongzhiResearchReportNo193,’,,th,Shanghai’spercapitaGDPin2001wasashighas37,382yuanwhilethatofGuizhouProvincewasonly2,895yuan,,itisnecessarytodivideChinaintoseveralregionswhenarestudythecountry’,someinstitutionsdividedChina’,China’smainlandwasdividedintothefirst-line,,avarietyofdividingmetho(i):theeast,,theGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegionwasonceregard,,:Beijing,Tianjin,Hebei,Liaoning,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Fujian,Shandong,:Shanxi,Jilin,Heilongjiang,Anhui,Jiangxi,Henan,,municipalitiesandautonomousregions:Chongqing,Sichuan,Guizhou,Yunnan,Tibet,Shaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,Xinjiang,GuangxiandInnerMongolia.(ii),themid-anddownstream-YellowRiverregion,themid-anddownstream-YangtzeRiverregion,thesoutheastcoastalregion,thesouthwestregionandthenorthwestregion.(iii),JilinandHeilongjiang;thenorthwestregionmadeupofShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,NingxiaandXinjiang;thenorthregionmadeupofBeijing,Tianjin,Hebei,InnerMongoliaandShanxi;theeastregionmadeupofShandong,Shanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;thecentralregionmadeupofHenan,Anhui,Jiangxi,HubeiandHunan;thesouthregionmadeupofFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;andthesouthwestregionmadeupofSichuan,Guizhou,YunnanandTibet.(iv),thenortheastregioncomprisesthreenortheastprovincesandtheeasternpartofInnerMongolia;theBohaiRimregioncomprisesBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandShangdong;themid-streamYellowRiverregioncomprisesShanxi,HenanandthecentralandwesternpartofInnerMongolia;theYangtzeRiverDeltaregioncomprisesShanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;themid-streamYangtzeRiverregioncomprisesHubei,Hunan,AnhuiandJiangxi;thesoutheastcoastalregioncomprisesFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;thenorthwestregioncomprisesShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,NingxiaandXinjiang;andthesouthwestregioncomprisesSichuan,,thenortheastregionconsistsofthreenortheastprovinces;thenorthcoastalregionconsistsofBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandShandong;thenorthinlandregionconsistsofShanxi,ShaanxiandInnerMongolia;theeastcoastalregionconsistsofShanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;theeastinlandregionconsistsofHenan,AnhuiandJiangxi;thecentralinlandregionconsistsofHunanandHubei;thesouthcoastalregionconsistsofFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;thewestinlandregionconsistsofGansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,XinjiangandTibet;andthesouthwestinlandregionconsistsofSichuan,YunnanandGuizhou.(v);theJingjinjiregionincludesBeijing,Tianjin,Tangshan,QinhuangdaoandShijiazhuang;theJiqingregionincludesJinan,QingdaoandYantai;thegreaterShanghairegionincludesShanghai,Suzhou,Wuxi,Changzhou,NingboandHangzhou;thePearlRiverDeltaregionincludesGuangzhou,Shenzhen,ZhuhaiandShantou;theJiheiregionincludesChangchunandHarbin;theXiang’eganregionincludesWuhan,ChangshaandNanchang;,"threemajorregions"icdevelopmentandtheconve’snationalconditions,webelievethatinordertofacilitatethestudyofregionalissuesandtheanalysisofregionalpolicies,China’sregionaldivisionshouldfollowthefollowingnineprinciples:(1)geographiccloseness;(2)similarityinnaturalconditionsandresourceendowment;(3)similarityineconomicdevelopmentlevel;(4)closeeconomiclinksorsimilardevelopmentproblems;(5)similarityinsocialstructure;(6)propersize;(7)historicalcontinuity;(8)integrityofadministrativedivision;and(9)c,wemaydi,andthereforeisinconvenientforin-depthanalysisofregionaldifferences;somedividingmethodsfailtopreservethecompletenessofadministrativedivisionsandareinconvenientforgatheringandstudyingthedataabouttheirsocialandeconomicdevelopment;somemethodsfailtoconsiderhistoricalcontinuityandruncountertocommonsense;andsomegeographiccovtingdividingmethods,wedivideChina’smainlandintothefollowingeightmajorregions:,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces:Liaoning,,,theyarefacingmanycommonproblemssuc,whichcomprisestwomunicipalitiesandtwoprovinces:Beijing,Tianjin,,,,whichcomprisesonemunicipalityandtwoprovinces:Shanghai,,,,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces:Fujian,,,MacaoandTaiwan,thi,whichcomprisesthreeprovincesandoneautonomousregion:Shaanxi,Shanxi,,,,itsopeningtotheouts,whichcomprisesfourprovinces:Hubei,Hunan,,,itsopeninghas,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces,onemunicipalityandoneautonomousregion:Yunnan,Guizhou,Sichuan,,,,whichcomprisestwoprovincesandthreeautonomousregions:Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.RenXingzhou,,,theexcessivelyrapidgrowthofinvestmentgaverisetothepartialoverheatingoftheeconomies,w,theCentralCommitteeoftheChineseCommunistPartyandtheStateCouncilgraspedthemajorcontradictions,resolutelyadoptedanumberofmacro-controlpoliciesandmeasures,restrainedthemomentumoftheexcessivelyrapidgrowthofpartoftheindustries,curbedtheunhealthyandunstablefactorsineconomicperformanceandavoidedthedrasticriseandfalloftheeconomies,thusstrengtheningsomeoftheweaklinks,w,itmustbeseenthatsomedeep-goingissuesinthemarketfunctioninghavenotbeensolvedradically,forinstance,themechanismtriggeringofftheexcessivegrowthofinvestmenthasnotbeenputintogoodorderandtheradicalrestrictingelementsinthedevelopmentofagricultureandtheincreaseoffoodstuffhavenotbeencompletelyridof,thetensesituationinenergysupply,’,:(1)ThenationaleconomywasgrowinginasteadyandrapidwayandtheeconomicindicatorscontinuedtoimproveIn2004,thegrossdomesticproduct(GDP),%,%overthepreviousyear,%,%.Economicbenefitscontinuedtoimproveand,afterprofitsandlossesbeingoffsetmutually,,topping1000billionyuanfortheveryfirsttime,%.ItcanbeseenfromthemajorindicatorsforeconomicbenefitsthatfromJanuaryth%,ariseof12percentagepointsascomparedwithsameperiodofthepreviousyear,,,thenationaleconomywasgrowinginasteadyandrapidwayandtheeconomicindicatorscontinuedtoimprove.(2)Themomentumthatinvestmentinfixedassetswasoverheatedwascontained,andinvestmentstructurewasmoreorlessadjustedIn2004,investmentinfixedassetsshoweda"high-falling-steady",growthofinvestmentinfixedassetsincitiesandtownsreachedashighas53%,nearly20percentagepointshigherthanthesameperiodoflastyear,withthegrowthinthefirstquarterreaching43%.InApril,afterimplementationofthemacro-controlmeasuresbytheCentralGovernment,%inthesecondquarter;%,%ascomparedwiththesameperiodofthepreviousyear(Ofwhich,investmentinfixedassetsincitiesandtownsamountedto5862billionyuan,%;%.),,whichshowedadownwardtrendinagradualandsteadywayinthewholeyear,%,%%;%,es,suchasironandsteel,cement,aluminumindustryandrealestatedevelopment,etc.,,increaseofinvestmentinblackmetalminingandselecting,,andincreaseofinvestmentinnonferrousmetalminingandselecting,%%respectively,%intheeasternregion.(3)MoneysupplyandthecreditcontrolobjectivessetdowninthebeginningoftheyearwerebasicallyrealizedInthebeginningof2004,inthelightofthedecisionsmadeattheeconomicworkingconferenceoftheCentralGovernment,thecreditcontrolobjectivesofM2togrow17%velyrapidgrowthofcredit,theCentralGovernmentadoptedanumberofmonetarycontrolmeasures,,asoftheendofDecemberof2004,balanceofM2supplyhadreached2530billionyuan,%overthesameperiodofthepreviousyear,withthegrowthl,%(M0)hadarrivedat2100billionyuan,%,,oftheyear,,balanceoftheRenminbiloansfromallfinancialfacilitieshadreached1770billionyuan,%(340billionyuanlessthanthecontrollingobjectiveinthebeginningoftheyear),ofwhich,,,macro-controlpoliciesandmeasuresachievedremarkablesuccess,financialfunctioninginthewholeyearadvancedinasoundandsteadyway,andtheanticipatedmoneycreditcontrollingobjectiveswerebasicallyrealized.。

    rposesTheprocessofChina’surban,,ofwhich,,nean,thelandthathadbeenplacedundertheplanningofallsortsofdevelopmentzonesreached36,000squarekilometers(54millionmu),,thedomainsofthecitiesinsomedevel,includingtheendlesstransformationoftheurban-encircledvillagesandthemassivetransformationofvillagecommitteesintoneighborhoodcommittees,,therecenturbanizationrestructuringdonebyShenzhenCitysimplynationalizedallthe260squarekilometersoflandoftheBao’assively,’sexistingpatternoflandrequisitionforconstructionpdditiontothelandusedfortransportandwaterconservancyfacilities,about250,000squarekilo,morethan70,000squarekilometersareState-ownedland,andabout180,000squarekilometersarecollectivefarmers’,whereearningsfromlandandpropertyandfoncentration,theirrighttosharetheearningsfromlanddifferentialsintheprocessofurbanizationandindustrializationandaggravatnderthepresentconditions,thelegalprovisionthat"LandinthecitiesisownedbytheState"’scommunes,apreliminarypatternbegantakingshape,inwhichthestateownereof"three-levelsystemofownership,withownershipbytheproductionteamasthebasicform".Fortheurbanland,asystemofpersonalrealestateownershipandlandownershipwasintroducedintheearlyyearsofnewChinabyconfiscatingenemyandpuppetpropertiesandtakingcontrolofownerlessrealestate,confirmingrealestateownershipa,thecapitalistindustrialandcommercialestablishmentswereboughtoverandtheownersleasingoutprivaterealestatepropertiesweregivendepositssothattherealestatepropertiesinth,privateownershipcontinuedtoexistfortheprivaterealestatepropertiesthatwereusedforpersonalresidenceintheurbanareas;buyunitsorindividualswhorequirelandforconst,thelandcollectivelyownedbythefarmer,,theadvanceoftheurbanareastothesuburbanareasandfurthertotheruralhinterlandandtheformationofnewurbanareasbyincorporatingtheruralareas,smalltownsandsuburbanarea’right,nearly20yearsafterthehouseholdcontractsystemwasintroduced,thattheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeople’’righttolanduse,landearningsandlandtransfers,ornon-farmconstructionunlessapproved(Article8).Asaresult,oncethecollectivefarmers’landisusedfornon-farmconstruction,’rightsandinterestsofthe,akeandoccupytheruralland,tionisoriginallydesignedtopreventthecollectivefarmers’onalamendments,therewasadebateonwhetherrurall’,"three-levelsystemofownerships,withownershipbytheproductionteamasthebasicform",asacollectiveownershiphadbeenestablishedforruralland,itwouldbemea,theh,,notonlytherurallandthathadbeencontractedtofarmerhouseholdscontinuedtobecollectivelyowned,therurallandinsomesuburbsoflargecitiessuchasBeijing,ShanghaiandWuhanthatwaspreservedasstate-ownedlandforindustrialconstructionwasalsoreturnedtothefarmersasbeingcollectivelyowned.ByHouYongzhiResearchReportNo191,2005StrengtheningtheconstructionofenergyandmajorrawmaterialsbasesandacceleratingthedevelopmentofcompetitivemanufacturingindustryisaninherentrequirementfortheriseofChina’allsignificanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregioninthenewperiod,analyzefavorableconditionsandrestrictingfactors,andputforwardsomestrategicproposalsforbuildingenergyandra’sEntryintoaNewPeriodofEconomicDevelopmentandOpeningupHighlightstheStrategicandOverallSignificanceofBuildingEnergyandRawMa’sentryintoanewperiodofeconomicdevelopmentsetsnewrequirementsfordevelopingtheenergy,rawmaterialsandmanufacturingsectorsFirst,theupgradingofconsumerdeman,theadvanceinindustrializati,thedemandforintermediateinputswillcontinuouslyrise’sentryintoanewperiodofopeninguprequiresasubstantialchangeinthemodeofChineseeconomicgrowthandinthestructureofitseconomyFirst,thenewperiod,andwhetheritcanachiev,increasingChina’sindustrialcapacityforindependentinnovationandimprovingthecountry’spositioninthedivisionoflaboringlobalindustrialchainsshouldbecomeast,,Chinamustpus’sentryintoanewperiodofopeningupanddevelopmenthighlightsthestrategicandoverallimportanceofbuildingenergyandrawmaterialsbasesanddevelopingmanufacturingindustryinthecentralregionFirst,thecentralregionhasrichenergyandmineralresourcesandisboundtobecomeanimportantbaseforChina’,energyandrawmaterialsindustriesinthecentralregionarealreadyataconsiderablescaleandareboundtobe,themanufacturingindustryinthecentralregion,includingthehigh-techsegments,hasasolidbasisandisboundtobecomeanimportantterialBasesandforDevelopingManufacturingIndustry,ons,althoughthesituationisbetterthaninthewesternregionWecananalyzethisissuefromthefollowingthreeperspectives.(1)vidualsavingsabilitythantheircounterpartsintheeasternandnortheasternregions,,percapitapersonalsavingsinthecentralregionwas4,320yuan,farlowerthanthe10,583yuanintheeasternregionand8,,160yuaninthewesternregion.(2)nable,,,’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thetermsoftradeforChina’sindustrialandagriculturalpro,agriculturewillfinditmoreandmoredifficulttoaccumulatecapitalforindustrializationinthecentralregion.(3),thecentralasgoodasthatinthecoastalregionandbecauseregionalgovernmentsinthecentralregionhaveonlylimitedfiscalresourcesandfinditdifficonthanintheeasternregion,whilethatofhigh-qualifiedworkersislowerFromtheperspectiveofsupplyanddemand,thereisagreatersplefromthecentralregiontotheeasternregionaswellasinthefevelopedingeneralandcantrainupmoreunindforhigherwagesandbenefits,somethingwhichishighlyattractivenotonlytoChinesereturningfronanditswaterresourcesperunitareaoflandisthehighestinChinaInaclosedeconomy,land,mineralitiesimprove,theimportanceofmineralresourcesamon,giventhefactthatlandandwaterresourcesarehighlynon-tradable,theya,thecentralregionhasanadvantageouspositionwhencomparedwithotherthreemajorregionaleconomicblocs.10-200米DingNingningResearchReportNo079,2004Astudyonthegeographiclayoutofregionaleconomiesshouldfirstofallknowtheoverallgeographicfeatuhegeographicadvantagesofvariousregionaleconomiessoastorespecttheobjectivelawsandpreventthebehaviorsinpursuitofshort-terminterestsleadingtoalong-termimbalanceinthecountry’,r,’sOverallGeo-economicFeat(Qinghai-TibetPlateau),orthe"thirdpole",or"aspringriverflowsfromwesttoeast"’seasternregion,whichinturnbringstoomuchraininsummertotheregionandredu,m,umanity,butitcannotchangesuchafactthatthequantityoffreshwaterresourcesremainsadecisivefactorforaregion’’sa,thecountry’iculturaloutpnhaslimitedtheregion’,theintroductionofhigh-yieldAmericancrops(maizeandpotato),largenumbersofpeopleince,"thirdfrontline"wastobebuilt,thecityofXining,aplacenotedforlackofcoalandironminesandforthinoxygen,evenbuilta"May7",somepeopledreamedofturningtheXinjiangUygurAutonomousRegionintoChina’,somepeoplebeganattemptingtoturntheHexiCorrido,manyoftheseconstructionprojectsclaimedtohavereaped"enormousbenefits"withinashorttime,,’spercapitapossessionofresourcesisfarlowerthantheworld’saveragelevel,’sCurrentPeriodofEconomicDevelopmentThroughpersistenteffortsbothduringtheplannedeconomyandsincethebeginningofreformandopeningup,theChineseeconomyhaspassedthe"take-off"periodofindustrializationdefinedbyRostowandenteredtheso-calleddevelopmentperiodof"movingtomaturity",whichwilllastatleasttillthemiddleofthiscenturyif,China’sagriculturaloutputvaluewilldeclinetoabout10percentofthegrossdomesticproduch,themanufacturingoutputvaluewillunlikelybelowerthanthatoftheserviceidustry(ortheserviceindustryinthebroadsense),theabove-saiddevelopmentperiodcanbecalledaneconomicgrowthperiodcharacterizedbyatransititechnologycontinuingtoreplacelabor,the"take-off"periodofthecountriesthatdeveloplatergenerallybeginsfromthelabor-intdents,"movingtomaturity"isthatwiththeimprovementofthepeople’slivingstandard,sustainedeconomicgrowthandhigherproductcompetitivenessininternationalmarketsh,thetechnology-intensiveindustrieswillprogressivelyreplacethelabor-intensiveindustriestobecomethemaindrivingforceforeconomicgrowth....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    澳门环球注册送18ByXiaBinChenDaofuResearchReportNo001,’sexchangeratesystemhaswitnessedakeyanddelightfulsteptowardsfloating,,thewideningspreadbetweenRMBandUSdollarandanexpectedfirmUSdollarintheneartermhave,tosomeextent,,,theRMBNDFmarketrecentlywentdown,andtheexposureofthenetforwardforeignexchangesalesbybankswidened,wh,astudyofsuchlong-termcapitalinflowsasFDIfoundthattheabsoluteamountofforeigninvestmentactuallyutilizedbyChinahasbeenontherisesince2002,,thereformoftheexchan,the,theUSwillcontinuetoincreaseitsinterestrateinordertoattractover,,%annuallyonaverage,%[1].Moreover,theongoingpricereformsinChina’scoal,ele,asthereformofthemarketmechanismdeepens,wecannotel/long-termperspective,itispossiblethatRMBwilldepreciateinsomeperiods,becauseoftheoverRMB2trilliongapinthesocialinsurancefund,theoverRMB1trillionworthofnon-performingbankloans,hugeimmeasurabledeficitssufferedbysomelocalgovernments,andthechronicleftoverofthechance-waiti,itisthemattonvertibilityofRMBunderthecapitalaccount,andthecentralbankofChinawillalsoaccumulateitsexperienceininterveningintheforeignexchangemarketduringthisprocess,bothofwhichwillsurelyincreasethespeculativecostofinvestorsandmakeith,theRMBexchangeratewillcontinuetomaintainrelativelystable,th,thepressureofRMBappreciationexpectationobviouslyexceedstherealeconomy’,largeadjustmenttotheRMBexchangeratewillincuranexcessiveriskthatwillbeneitherbeneficialforthestabilityofChina’seconomyandfina’sfinancialreformisenteringacriticalperiod,inwhichtherearemanyeconomicandfinancialvariables,financialinstitutionsandenterprisesstillneedtimetoadapttoafloatingexchangerate,andtheexchangerateadjustmentwillonl,thegroundrulesofinitiative,,morecon,thefloatingrangeofketsupplyanddemandfactors,whichwillgenerateafterthereformsinthefinancialsystemandforeignexchangemarkethavebeenfurtheredandthemarke,:theMonetaryFactorsTranscendtheRealEconomicFactorsThedeepeningofChina’smarket-orientedreformandtheimpr,theopeningChina,wasofferedgreatopportunitiesastheColdWarendedandinternationalfundsovercametheirlong-termideologicalobstacle;moreover,thebroadmarketwithcheaplaborformsanotherimportantsti,itshallbenoticedthatalthoughtheappreciationcannotbefullyjustifiedwithoutmentioningtherealeconomicfactors,themo,,startedwithonlysolvingitsdomesticeconomicconflictinthepastseveralyearsbymaintaininglowinterestrates,,thecentralbanksofothereconomies,especiallyinAsia,continuouslysupportedthehugetwindeficitsoftheUSbyinterveningintheirforeignexchangemarkets,,th,beyonddoubt,aroundtheworld,fromtheburstbubblesofAmericanneweconomy,networkandstockmarketstothecurrentAmericanrealestatebubbles,andfromspeculationinoiltospeculationingold,,thecross-borderflowofexcessivefundsurplusessincethe1990shasincessantlyledt,simplybalancingSino-UStradeisnotenoughforsettlingtheeconomicissueoftheUS,assaidbyAlanGreenspan,eredovermanyyears,accordingtothehabitualthinkingtheUSusedintacklingitspasteconomicproblems,hasbecomeanexcusefortheAmericaneconomicproblem,andhasbeenutilized,theappreciationpressurewasreinforced,asdomesticeconomicentitiesacceleratedtheirassetrestructuringinfaceofgr,themonetaryassetadjustmentdonebydomestictradersthroughsuchmeansastradecredit,andtheindividualmonetaryassetconversionwillinevitablyamplifytheneedforRMBappreciationthatisreflectedbytherealeconomicsideintheend.DRCTaskForceEconomicperspectivesNo11,quartersof2003,despiteimpactofSARS,%.,%,whichindicatesthat,GDPgrowthrateofourcountryisleveledoffabove8%since2002,,andheavyindustryandchemicalindustryaregettingmoreandmoreindustrializedInthefirstthreequartersoftheyear,pillarindustries,suchaselectronicengineeringequipmentmanufacturing,electricmachineryandfacilitymanufacturing,transportationequipmentmanufacturing,metallurgyindustryandchemicalindustryrealizedfastgrowth,%.Inc%%.%ofthetotalindustrialaddedvalue,(%).Since1998,growthofheavyindustrytakesonanacceleratingtendencycomparedwithgrowthoflightindustry,andtheproportionofheavyindustry’saddedvalueinoverallindustrialaddedvalueiscontinuouslyincreasing,especiallyinthisyear,whichexemplifiesthatecr,andiscloselyrelatedtoconsumptionstructurewithafairlystrongmarketendogenousmechanism,andheavyindustrializationwillbethemainsupportingp,andconsumptionupgradingremainsitsmomentumInthefirstthreequarters,%,yofheavyindustryandchemicalindustry,,,%,%percentagepoint,whichhasrecoveredtothenormalgrowthlevel,consequently,,,%,%,andthatoftelecommunicationsequipmentincreasedby74%.ConexistInthefirstthreequarters,%overthesameperiodoflastyear,,%overthesameperiodoflastyear,,favorablebalanceoftradedecreasedascomparedtothesameperiodoflastyear(,).Intermsofdifferentcountriesandregions,favorabletradebalancetotheUnitedStatesandsomeEuropeancountriesiscontinuouslygrowing,whileadversetradebalancetoJapan,Korea,’smainexportmarket,expandedtradesurpluswillinevitablyintensifytradefrictions,and,export-orientedmanufacturesinJapan,Korea,andTaiwanprovincegraduallymovedtomainlandChinatoestablishfactories,whichisanimportantre,whilesupplyofsomeenergyresourcesandrawmaterialsseegapsAsdomesticmarketgrowsmoreactiveandexportincreasefast,,%ascomparedtothesameperiodoflastyear,%,butfallingdownstablybytheseason(%,%,and4%).Supplyofelectricpower,coal,steel,,supplyofthoseproductsisrapidlyincreasing,,priceismaintainedatalowlevel,demandconstraintuniversallyexists,,supplyanddemandrelationsbynomeansreversedAccordingtorelevantstatistics,grainyieldofthisyearispredictedtobelowerthan450billionkilograms,,,itisestimatedthatbytheendofthisyeargrainstockwillstillmaintainabove200billionkilograms,whichisalothigherascomparedtonormalyears();ontheotherhand,thegrainproductivityislarge,rbyabigmargin....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.FengFeiResearchReportNo181,2002Thereformofthecurrentgovernmentcontrolledelectricalpowersupplysystemandtheestablishmentofamodernelectricalpowersupplysupervisionsystemthatconformstothereformtowardsmarketizationofthepowerindustryandrelevantgeneralinternationalpracticeisvitaltotheearlyestablishmentandeffectivefunctioningofthemarketmechanismofthepowerindustry,theeffectivemonitoringandaccelerationofthereformsinasmoothandorderlymanner,andthere,thesuccessorfailureofthepowerindustryreformdepe,however,thatthecurrentrefor—atthestateandregionallevels,withoutgivingsufficientconsiderationinitsdivisionofpor,,sincetheprovincialmarketsaredifficulttobecompressedwithinashortperiodoftime,theregionalsupervisorybodiesmaybecomeineffectiveastheyarefarawayfromtheprovincialmarketsandthereuponassumesafartoolargeareaofsupervision,leaving,inreality,,boththesupervisorybodiesandvariousma,atthebeginningofthereform,rtheregionalsupervisorybodies,th,the"weakimpact"ofthesebodiesonprovincialmarketsmaylikelypushtheprocessofcultivatingtheregionalelectricalpowermarketthroughthesetti,manycountrieshaveadoptedsystemreformsthatmainlyincludedparallelintroductionofmarketmechanismandrgsupervision(mainlyovereconomicregulations),introducingmaximummarketcompetitionmechanismintotheelectricalpowerindustry,adoptingtheconceptoflimitedscopeofsupervision(concentratingonsupervisionoverpowergridmonopolyofelectricalpowertransmissionanddistribution),settingthemainobjectiveofsupervisionasfacilitatingafullcompetitionamongeligibleelements,,themarketmechanismswillbeabletoplaytheirrolesinresourceallocation,,,theestablishmentofelectricalpowersupervisorybodiesandthedeterminationontheirte,,whenthemarketmechanismsarestilldeveloping,orwhentheyarestillimmature,,thesupervisorymechanismshouldbedynamic,astherearewidedifferencesbetweenprojectionsduringthmentTheidealelectricalpowermarketstructureandcompetitionmechanisms(withoutreferringtocompetitioninthesalesmarketofelectricalpowerforthetimebeing,soastocorrespondtothecurrentreformplan)mayhavethefollowingfeatures:(1)Themarketoperationmechanisms:Appropriateandeffectivecompetitionexistsinthepowergenerationmarket,andpricingforelectriributiongrids,andthegovernmentcontrolsthepricingoftransmissionanddistributionprices.(2)Themarketstructure:Nosingleelectricalpowerproducerhasdominatinginfluenceinthemarketandallentitiesmaintaintheirrespectivefairshare,allelectricalpowerproducercompaniesareindependentcompetitorsandhave/acquirediversifiedstockequitystructures.(3)Themarketstate:Aunifiedmarketwithoptimumcompetitionhastakenformandthesituationofattemptedself-sustainedbalanceofelectricalpowersupplyofindividualprovinceshasundergonefundamentalchange,nationalpowermarkethasalsogrownintoanappropriatescale,tionalscale;an,theremaybetwoapproachestosetupthepowersupervisionbody:Oneisathree-tierstructure,namely,thepowersupervisionmechanismconsistedofthreelevelsincludingthestate,regionsandcertainprovinces(ormunicipalitiesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmentorautonomousregions).Theotherisatwo-tierstructure,namely,thesupervisionmechanismconsistedofonlytwounitsatthestateandregionallevels,leavingnosimilarunitsattheprovinciallevel....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1Certainly,thismarketinconceptislimitedtothemarketofcompetingpowerproducers,aswellastheelectricalpowersalesmarkettobesetupgraduallyinfuture.环球投注重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,LiJiangeandHanJunResearchReportNo179,’sAgriculture,RuralAreasandFarmersattheNewStageThecentralgovernment’spolicyismoreandmoreexplicitinsolvingproblemsfacingagriculture,,thecentralgovernmentmadeascientificjudgmentand,thecentralgovernmentproposedthatthemaintaskofagricultureandruraldevelopmentatthenewstagewastopushforward,thecentralgovernmentpointedoutthatthekernelobjectiveoftheagriculturalstructureadjustmentwastoincreasefarmers’,thecentralgovernmentproposedthatcomprehensivemeasuresshouldbetakentoincreasefarmers’incomeandthepolicyof"givingmore,takinglessandinvigoratingruraleconomybeadheredto."In2003,thecentralgovernmentproposedtoputtheproblemsfacingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersonthe"topoftheagendaoftheParty’swork".Thiswasthesolemnpledgefromthenewcentralleadershipontheproblemsfacingagriculture,"theurbanandruraleconomyandsocialdevelopmentshouldbeunderoverallcoordination",thusclarifyingtheguidingideologyonsolvingtheproblemsfacingagriculture,wardthenewdevelopmentoutlookasrequiredbythenewstage,,toregionaldevelopment,toeconomicandsocialdevelopment,toharmoniousdevelopmentofmanandnature,riculture,’sgrainsecurity,pushingforwardonthestrategicadjustmentofagriculturalstructureandraisingthecomprehensiveagriculturalefficiencyandcompetitivenessSince2000,the,betweenitsoutputanddemandcontinuestobewidened,,thegraindemandofthecountrywouldseearigidgrowth,andthegrainshortagewouldtendtobeseriouswiththeincreaseofpopulation,decreaseoffarmland,quickeningurbanizationandimprovementofpeople’’splanningandpeople’,,thegrainpolicyinthenextfewyearswillbetoboostthereasonablegrowthofgrainoutputinsteadofcontrollingthegrainoutputinthepassthebasisforensuringthecountry’,especiallybasicfarmlandbeingoccupiedbyconstructionprojects,,China’’ssupporttoandprotectionofgrainproductionshouldbemainlyre’,wemustmakeresearchonthequestionofhowtoexpandthedemandforagriculturalproducts–,turalproductprocessingindustry,itwillbeverydifficulttoadjusttheagriculturalstructure;Second,expandingexportsofagriculturalproducts,whichisplayingamoreandmoreimportantroleincarryingforwardtheadjustmentofagriculturalstructureandimprovingfarmers’’agriculturalproducts–lowquality,,weshouldactivelydealwiththecomplicatedinternationalagriculturalprionforruralpopulationThekeytoincreasingfarmers’ruralareaswhilehighlightingthedevelopmentofagriculturalproductprocessing,inationandapprovalovertheuseofruralworkersbyenterprises,simplifytheprocedureforfarmerstoworkoutside,abolishtheunreasonabl,,,themanagemewns,theyshouldenjoythesametreatmentwithurbanresidentsinhousing,armyrecruitment,children’senrol,ruralresidentswhoareemployedandsettleddowninthecitiesshouldcontinuetoenjoytherighttofarmlandcontractingandenjoythedistributionfromthresidenceinthecitiesoftheirownwillsothatthehouseholdregistrationwouldonlybearthesignificancetoindicatetheplaceofresidence,andthattheurbanandruralresidentswouldenjoyequalrightsundertheconditionthaalresidentidentification,employmentandunequaltreatmentandtothecoordinateddevelopmentofurbanandruraleconomy.ByXiaBinChenDaofuResearchReportNo001,’sexchangeratesystemhaswitnessedakeyanddelightfulsteptowardsfloating,,thewideningspreadbetweenRMBandUSdollarandanexpectedfirmUSdollarintheneartermhave,tosomeextent,,,theRMBNDFmarketrecentlywentdown,andtheexposureofthenetforwardforeignexchangesalesbybankswidened,wh,astudyofsuchlong-termcapitalinflowsasFDIfoundthattheabsoluteamountofforeigninvestmentactuallyutilizedbyChinahasbeenontherisesince2002,,thereformoftheexchan,the,theUSwillcontinuetoincreaseitsinterestrateinordertoattractover,,%annuallyonaverage,%[1].Moreover,theongoingpricereformsinChina’scoal,ele,asthereformofthemarketmechanismdeepens,wecannotel/long-termperspective,itispossiblethatRMBwilldepreciateinsomeperiods,becauseoftheoverRMB2trilliongapinthesocialinsurancefund,theoverRMB1trillionworthofnon-performingbankloans,hugeimmeasurabledeficitssufferedbysomelocalgovernments,andthechronicleftoverofthechance-waiti,itisthemattonvertibilityofRMBunderthecapitalaccount,andthecentralbankofChinawillalsoaccumulateitsexperienceininterveningintheforeignexchangemarketduringthisprocess,bothofwhichwillsurelyincreasethespeculativecostofinvestorsandmakeith,theRMBexchangeratewillcontinuetomaintainrelativelystable,th,thepressureofRMBappreciationexpectationobviouslyexceedstherealeconomy’,largeadjustmenttotheRMBexchangeratewillincuranexcessiveriskthatwillbeneitherbeneficialforthestabilityofChina’seconomyandfina’sfinancialreformisenteringacriticalperiod,inwhichtherearemanyeconomicandfinancialvariables,financialinstitutionsandenterprisesstillneedtimetoadapttoafloatingexchangerate,andtheexchangerateadjustmentwillonl,thegroundrulesofinitiative,,morecon,thefloatingrangeofketsupplyanddemandfactors,whichwillgenerateafterthereformsinthefinancialsystemandforeignexchangemarkethavebeenfurtheredandthemarke,:theMonetaryFactorsTranscendtheRealEconomicFactorsThedeepeningofChina’smarket-orientedreformandtheimpr,theopeningChina,wasofferedgreatopportunitiesastheColdWarendedandinternationalfundsovercametheirlong-termideologicalobstacle;moreover,thebroadmarketwithcheaplaborformsanotherimportantsti,itshallbenoticedthatalthoughtheappreciationcannotbefullyjustifiedwithoutmentioningtherealeconomicfactors,themo,,startedwithonlysolvingitsdomesticeconomicconflictinthepastseveralyearsbymaintaininglowinterestrates,,thecentralbanksofothereconomies,especiallyinAsia,continuouslysupportedthehugetwindeficitsoftheUSbyinterveningintheirforeignexchangemarkets,,th,beyonddoubt,aroundtheworld,fromtheburstbubblesofAmericanneweconomy,networkandstockmarketstothecurrentAmericanrealestatebubbles,andfromspeculationinoiltospeculationingold,,thecross-borderflowofexcessivefundsurplusessincethe1990shasincessantlyledt,simplybalancingSino-UStradeisnotenoughforsettlingtheeconomicissueoftheUS,assaidbyAlanGreenspan,eredovermanyyears,accordingtothehabitualthinkingtheUSusedintacklingitspasteconomicproblems,hasbecomeanexcusefortheAmericaneconomicproblem,andhasbeenutilized,theappreciationpressurewasreinforced,asdomesticeconomicentitiesacceleratedtheirassetrestructuringinfaceofgr,themonetaryassetadjustmentdonebydomestictradersthroughsuchmeansastradecredit,andtheindividualmonetaryassetconversionwillinevitablyamplifytheneedforRMBappreciationthatisreflectedbytherealeconomicsideintheend.,2002Inrecentyears,alongwiththeexpansionoftheroleofprivateenterprisesinlocaleconomicdevelopment,localgovernmentsaregivingmoreandmoreattentiontothectiveprotectionofthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofprivateenterpr,eventsofencroachmentonthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofprivateenterprisesremaincommonandserious,,problemsrelatingtotheprotectionofthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofprivateenterprisesmainlytakethefollowingforms::DifficultmanagementafterpurchaseBasedontheinvestigationofrelevantdepartmentsincludingtheFederationofIndustryandCommerceofAnhuiProvince,inSeptember1998,HaitianGroup,aprivateenterpriseinMa,HaitianGroupwastobuyoverMaAnShanRubberPlant,abankruptenterprise,,,butmostofthemdidnotsinouncements,itstoppedissuingwagesfortheseworkersandstaffsinceJunethenextyear,resultingina,thecompanyreissuedthewagesoftheabsentworkersandstaffaccordingtotheopinionofthecoordina,astheworkersandstaffdidnotchangetheir"bigpot"mindset,theconfrontationalmooddidnotsubside,,theworkersandstaffappealedto,theChemicalIndustryBureauofthecityinformedHaitianGroupinwriting,askingHaitianGrouptowithdrawfromHaixiangCompany,,theChemicalIndustryBureau,backedupbythecityleaders,appealedtothecou,:Privateenterprises’,duetovariousconstrainingfactors,privateenterprise,butonceprivateenterpriseswanttopurchasethem,enbeinglaidoff,butoncetheirenterprisesaretobepurchasedbyormergedwithprivateenterprises,theybecomeprovocativeandtouchy,,thegovernmentusuallytriestomaintainst:GovernmentconstructionprojectstrangledaprivateenterpriseinGuiyangGuiyangXinghuaFerroalloyPlantisaprivate,thesittingofthenewGuiyangairportin,atthespecialmeetingpresidedoverbyavicemayor(concurrentdeputycommanderfortheconstructionoftheLongdongbaoAirport)ofGuiyang,,XinghuaFerroalloyPlantmustcompleteitsmovebeforeMarch1996;aspecialworkinggroupforthemovingwouldbeestablishedtooverseetheimplementation;andasXinghuaFerroalloyPlantenjoyedgoodeconomicresults,,theworkinggroupforthemovingrelayedtheideaofthespecialmeetingtoXinghuaFerroalloyPlant,(1995)ofHuaxiDistrictG,XinghuaFerroalloyPlantimmediatelystoppedbusinessactivitiesands,theplantconductedassetassessmentaccordingtolegalprocedures,formulatedthebudgetreportforreorgani,aftertheplantstoppedproduction,ibilityamongthem,,themovingfeeswereembezzledbycertainleadersforrenovatingbuildingsinthe,theplantreportedtotheprovincialgovernmentofGuizhouandobtai,,,,,themanagementofXinghuaFebur,theairportthenclaimedthatthesiteoftheplantwaswithintheclearancezoneoftheairportandits,theheadofenvironmentalprotectionbureauofHuaxiDistrictGovernmentofGuiyangCitycametotheplantwithsomeotherpeopleandannou,leadingtodirecteconomiclossesofoverRMB400,,theplantisstilltr:Thiscase,theimportantdecisiontomovetheplantfromitsexitingsite,whichrelatedtoenterprisesurvival,roup"relayedtheideaofthespecialmeeting"toitandwas"demandedtoimplementaccordingtotherequirementscontainedinthedocument".Second,aftertheenterprisestoppedproduction,thedepartmentsconcerneddidnottrytosolveitsactualproblems,,whentheenterprisehadtoresumeproductiontosaveitselffouryearsafterproductionstopped,apieceofhand-writtenpaperofthechiefofthedistrictenvironmentalprotectwithforeigninvestment,coulditbetreatedinthatwayComparedwiththesetwotypesofenterprises,privateenterprisesapparentlycouldnotnegotiatewithgovernmentdepartmentsontheirexistingstatus,andtheirrightsandinterestsarenothinginfrontofgovernmentdocuments....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,LiuShijinTheissueoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinawasputf,ithasbecomeasignificantstrategicmovetospeedupthedevelopmentofChina’seconomyinarobustandsustainedwayandtoacceleratereadjustment,transfo,itisanoneroustasktoreadjust,,wecangettwicetheresultwithhalftheeffortandmakeagoodstartforsolvingtheproblem;ifnot,,TransformationandRevitalizationoftheOldIndustrialBasesinNortheastChinaUnderthenewcircumstances,readjustment,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinaarenotonlytosolvethepopularproblemsexistinginlargestate-ownedenterprises,noronlytorevitalizetheequipmentindustry,,thefirsttaskistosumuptherelatedexperiencesandlessonsobtainedduringtheseyears,lookintowhichmeasuressucceededandwht,transformationandrevitalizationoft,itisnecessaryforreadjustment,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinatosolvethepopularproblemsofthestate-ownedenterprises,andtodevelopnon-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomyandtheeconomymixingthe,thestate-ownedsectormakesupabigpartoftheeconomyintheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChina,,thefirsttaskofreadjustment,transformationandrevitalizationistofacea,whenwelookforwardwithaviewofdevelopingthemarket-orientedeconomyandthinkonthebasisoftheexperienceofthedevelopedcoastalareasinthesoutheasternpartsofthecountry,wecancometoaconclusionthatwithoutvigorousdevelopmentofnon-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomy,themarketeconomyenvironmentcanhardlybecultivatedanortobecomeanimportantpartofthemarketeconomyandontheotherhand,tocreatejobopportunitiesforthoseworkerslaidoffasaresultoftransformationofstate-ownedenterprises,tocreatenewinvestorsandtoprovidesubstitutingfiscalrevenues(whenfiscalrevenuesfromstate-ownedenterprisesdecreased).Whenitcomestothetransformationofstate-ownedenterprises,non-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomydoesnotconst,ifthesituationinwhichthosestate-ownedenterpriseswithoutsubstantivetransformationtakethepredominantpositioncontinuetoremain,thatre,thecentralgovernmentandlocalgovernmentsoughttomakenecessaryinvestment,andthegovernments’investmentshouldbe,however,equipmentisold,,thegovernmentsoughttoincreaseinvestmentintechnologicalinnovationandembarkonsomenewprojectssoastoease,thegovernmentshadmadeconsiderableinvestmentinthepast,buttheresult(yieldingnoexpectedfruits)onomysystemandshortageofsupply,thegovernmentsincreasedinvestmentinenterprisescouldtakecertaineffect;aftertheenvironmentchangesasaresultofestablishmentofmarketeconomy,whatthestate-ownedenterpriseslackisnotmoney,,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesunderthenewcircumstancesarealsoaprocessoftransforminggovernments’,evenifthegovernmentsmakemoreinvestment,theexistingdifficultieswillnotbesolvedandwhatismore,theincreasedinvestmentwillconstituteanewburden,forminganunhealthycircleof"addingwaterwhenthereistoomuchflour;addingflourwhenthereistoomuchwater".Underthechangedcircumstances,itisnotthatthegovernmentsarenotwillingtoundertakeresponsibilityormakeinvestment,butthattheyareplanningtospendmoneyinreleasingstate-ownedenterprisesfromtheheavyburdensresultingfromhistoricalreasons,inpayingforthecos,trialprojectsonthereformofsocialsecuritysystem,diversionoflaid-offworkers,separatingsocialfunctionsfromenterprisesandliquidationofenterpriseswithoutcompetitivenesswerecarriedoutinLiaoningProvince,ttobe,thecentralgovernmentsandlocalgovernmentsoughttospendthemoneyontheimprovementofmechanismandthefund,whileweputtheemphasisonthedevelopmentofequipmentindustry,weshouldalsorialbasesinnortheastChinaanditisanindustrywithre,somerelevantdepartmentsandorganiztChina,theequipmentindustrywillremaintobe,wemustattachenoughimportancetothenewcharacteristicsofChina’,therehasbeenaphenomenonthatsomeind,itsproductioncentersusedtobelocatedmainlyinShanghai,,thesituationofthosestate-ownedtextileenterpriseslocatedinmanytextileindustrialcentersintheseregionsaswellasinthecountry’shinterlandsweredeteriorated,,thosenewburgeoningtextileenterpriseslocatedinJiangsu,Zhejiang,Guangdongandotherprovincesboostedthedevelopmentofthecountry’stextileindustryrapidly,enablingChinatobecometheworld’,thatis,thosepowerhousemanufacturersofthesametypeofproducts,manufacturersofrelatedpartsandaccessoriesforthosepowerhousemanufacturersandtheenterprisesprovidingservicesfortheirassemblyaperation,andwiththeintensificationofdivisionofworkdaybyday,orproductionofrelatedparts,,alargenumberofenterprisesofthesameindustryassembleinoneregion,,not"industrialcluster".TimehasbecomeripeforChina’sequipmentindustrytodevelopinfullswing,butitremainsanuncertaintywhethertheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinacantakefullpacesofreformandopening,weshouldnoticethattheindustriallayoutoftheoldbasesintheregiontookshapeduringtheperiodoftheplannedeconomy,andastheindustriesformedundertheenforcementoftheplannedeconomymaynotcertainlyrepresentthelocalfavorablecharacteristics,’smore,overthetwodecadesofdevelopmentafterthereformandopeningup,theproductionelementsinandoutoftheregionhaveundergonegreatchangesan,wecansayapartfromthetraditionalequipmentindustryandotherheavyindustries,,weshouldattachimportancetotheequipmentindustry,someindustriesformerlyn...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ZhaoJinpingThestatisticsgivenbytheMinistryofCommerceindicatethatinthefirstninemonthsof2005,foreigndirectinvestmentacrossChina,thecontractualvalueofforeigninvestmenthasgrosof2005,Chinaapproved32,000enterpriseswithforeigndirectinvestment,largelyatthesamelevelinthesameperiodofthepreviousyear;,;,,theactualinvestmentinjointventuresandcooperativeenterpriseshasdippedwhile,cooperativeenterprisesandwhollyforeign-ownedenterprises,whichwerethethreemainformsofforeigninvestment,,,brieperiod,wecanexpectthatinthefuture,themainstreamstatusofthewhollyforeign-,theinvestmentfromEuropeandJapancontin,differentcountries(regions),r-fastgrowthforseveralyearsstraight,,investmentfromthefreeportsofBritishVirginIslandsandSamoagrewrapidly,witht,thevalueoftheactuallyutilizedforeigninvestmentinChina’swesternregionincreasedrapidly,whiletheeastestsevenmonthsof2005,thewesternregion,whichusedtoseeitsgrowthfarlowerthanthatofthenationalaveragelevel,,Sichuan,Guangxi,InnerMongoliaandShaanxibecamethema,,,HebeiandShandongreportedamostdrasticdecline,Guangdong,,thestructuralproblemthatforeigndirectinvestmenthadbe,theeasternregionclaimed90percentofChina’sactuallyattracte,thewesternregionclearlylackedthestayingpowerforthecontinuousgrowthofactualinvest,thedeclineoftheactualinvestmentintheserv,thegr,thevalueoftheforeigninvestmentactuallyutilizedbythetradeinservicesector,whichwascalculatedaccordingtoWTOparameters,,constructionservice,touristservice,financeandrealestateallsawtheirforeigninvestmentdroppingbymorethan10percentandbecamethemainfactortopulldownth,gasandwat,electricity,oilandtransportcapacitybeginningin2004hadspurredinvestment,thesectorsoftransportequipment,specialequipment,generalmachineryandelectroniccommunicationsequipment,whichpostedmorethan50percentgrowthin2004,municationsequipmentcontinuedtogrow,,theaveragescaleofforeigninvest,,,thegradualimprovementoftheenvironmentforacquisitioninvestmentwillprovide,India’sMittalSteelCo.,thelargestironandsteelproducerintheworld,,,,,’sPingAnInsurance(Group)Co.,,()tobecomePingAn’slargtedStateswentintooperationinChengdu,,basedontheinformationoftheChinaAcquisitionNet,werecompletedthroughstockmarkets(includingthatinHongKong)andtheamountsoftheirinvestmentswerenotincludedintheMinistryofCommercestatisticsonforeigndirectinvestment.、环球投注用户至上4427永利集团足球盘口ByNiHongriHongTingResearchReportNo188,2005ThetransferpaymentsmadefromChina’scentralrevenuetoregionalrevenuescomprisesthreeforms:thefinancialpower-basedtransferpayment,thespecialtransferpayment,andthetaxrebateandformerinstitutionalizedsubsidy(oneviewarguesthatthetaxrebateandformerinstitutionalizedsubsidyshouldnotberegardedasaformoffiscaltransferpayment).Thefinancialpower-basedtransferpaymentsarefiscalsubsidiesforpromotingregionalgovernments’financialpower,andaredesignedmainlytobalanceinter-regionalfinanciceregionalbudgetsandmeetthebasicspendituresforvariousregionswereworkedoutinaccordancewiththe,,themethodofdistributingthegeneraltransferpaymentfvelopingChina’swesternregionsandsupportingthedevelopmentofethnicregions,incesandregiocregionsthatwasspeciallyintroducedin2000andisincreasingprogressiveionsandtstransferredtotheseethnicregionsandhalfoftheincreasedamountisreturnedtothe,asthereexistbothobjectivedisparitiesinlevelsofeconomicdevelopmentacrossdifferentethnicregionsaswellasfinancialpowerinequalitiesbetweendifferentregions,theotherhalfisdistributedtoregions(includingtheTibetanAutonomousRegion)intheformoftransferpaymebythecentralgovernmentanddoesnotparticipateinthetaxrebatemadebythecentralgovernmenttoregionalgovernmentsbasedonthe1:,ncialcrisisandeasetheinsufficiencyofeffectivedomesticdemand,,thegovernmentintroducedaseriesofpoliciestoraisetheincomelevel,thegovernmentraisedthewagesofthoseworkingingovernmentandpublicinstitutionsaswellasthepensionsofretireesfourtimes,andintroducedthepoliciesofgivinglump-sumyear-endbonusestoemployeesetoanotherandasdifferentregionshaddifferentcapacitiestobearincreasedwageexpenditures,thecentralgovernmentdecidedthatthegovernmentsofBeijing,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Guangdong,Fujianandothercoastaldevelopedregionswouldbeartheincreasedspendingarisingfromtheimplementationofthesepoliciesandthatthecentralfinancewouldgiveappropriatesubsidiestotheoldindustri,iculturaltaxDuringtheperiodofreformingruraltaxesandfees,thecentralrevenuegaveappropriatesubsidiestovaorssuchasraisingtheagriculturaltaxafterthe"threeretainedfeesandfiveoverallplannedfees"wereabolishedandincorporatedintotheagriculturaltaxandtherevenue-reducingfactorssuchasloweringtheagriculturalspecialtytaxrate,abolisrincipleofunifiedstandard,justice,fairness,opennessandtransparencyandinfavorofthemajoragriculturalprovinces,leadinggrainproducingregions,,thecentralrevenueintensifiedtransferpaymentsafterabgfromtheabolitionoftheagriculturaltax,theleadinggrainproducingregionsandthecentralandwesternactuallycollectedamount(includingsurcharge)oftheagricingregionsincentralandwesternChina,80percentforthenon-leadinggrainproducingregions,and50percentfortheleadinggrainproducingregions(includingFujian),transferpaymentsfromt,moreregion,thecoastaldevelopedregionsboretheburdensingle-handedly,andtheleadinggrainproducingregionsandthecentralandwesternrelightofthefiscaldifficultiesofcountyandtownshipgovernments,thecentralfinanceissuedtheOpinionson,innovatingmechanismsandtighteningmanagement,ai,thecentralfinanceearmarked15billionyuanin2005fortheestablishmentofa"threerewardsandonesubsidy"stimulatpensionoftheregulatorytaxforthereorientationoftheinvestmentinfixedassets,thesubsidyforthereducedregionalfiscalrevenuearisingfromtheimplementationofthenaturalforestprotectionproject,thesubsidyforthereducedfiscalrevenuearisingfromretiringfarmlandfortreeandgrassgrowing,andotherrelevantsubsidies.ChenXiwenHanJunResearchReportNo072,ralAreasandProvideEffectiveSupportforStrategicAgriculturalRestructuringOurinvestigationsinthethreecounties(XiangyangcountyofHubeiprovince,YanlingcountyofHenanprovince,TaihecountyofJiangxiprovince)showthatinthetraditionalagriculturalregions,theiradvantageingrainandcottonproductionhasbeenwaningandtheirefficiencyhasbeendec,theroadtoincreasingtheincomeoff,,thelackofanunimpededmarketingsystemforagriculturalproductsandtheabsenceofasoundagriculturals,itis,thecentralgovernmentexplicitlyadvocatedinitspo,despitemanyyearsofhardwork,thegoalofreturningthesecooperativesasawholetothenormsofeconomicorganizations(suchastheprivateeconomyandtheself-organizedcooperativeeconomicorganizations).Therefore,itiswrongtomerelyemphasizethatspeci,itispreferabletoproceedfromtheactualconditionsoftheruralareasandcarryoutnecessaryad,thereisneitherapropertyownershiprelationbetweenthesupplyandmarketingcooperativesatvariousleve"legs",notasinglepersonraisedtheionsisinfactdegenerating,the,thegrassrootscooperativeswhereconditionspermitm,,itisperhapspreferabletodefinethemasprivateenterprisesthatmaketheirownmanageme,mostoftheseenterprisesarenotedforlackingaseparationofgovernmentadministrationfromcorporatemanagement,aseparationofpolicy-orientedoperation,overstaffingandinefficienatingenterprisesistotrulyseparatetheirpolicy-orientedoperationsfromcommercialo,theseenterprisesa,itisnecessarytotransformtheseenterprisesintojoint-stockcompaniesassoonaspossiblesotdoptd,thestate-ownedgrain-operatingenterprisesshouldencouragefarmerstogrowcropsonacontractbasissoastointegratepurchasing,,andenterprisesofdifferentformsofownershipshoate-ownedgrain-operatingenterprises,itisnecessarytochangestlyandthatacceptinganeelfareendeavor,,itisneces,,itisnotag"threedelimitations"(personnel,organizationalstructureandbudget):th,theemphaspecializedpersonnel,,innovationshouldbemadetoenablethesystemtocarryouttechnicalcontractingaersonnelareguaranteedbygovernmentfinanceandthatagro-technicalextensionofapublicwelfarenatureisguaranteed....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.FengFeiResearchReportNo181,2002Thereformofthecurrentgovernmentcontrolledelectricalpowersupplysystemandtheestablishmentofamodernelectricalpowersupplysupervisionsystemthatconformstothereformtowardsmarketizationofthepowerindustryandrelevantgeneralinternationalpracticeisvitaltotheearlyestablishmentandeffectivefunctioningofthemarketmechanismofthepowerindustry,theeffectivemonitoringandaccelerationofthereformsinasmoothandorderlymanner,andthere,thesuccessorfailureofthepowerindustryreformdepe,however,thatthecurrentrefor—atthestateandregionallevels,withoutgivingsufficientconsiderationinitsdivisionofpor,,sincetheprovincialmarketsaredifficulttobecompressedwithinashortperiodoftime,theregionalsupervisorybodiesmaybecomeineffectiveastheyarefarawayfromtheprovincialmarketsandthereuponassumesafartoolargeareaofsupervision,leaving,inreality,,boththesupervisorybodiesandvariousma,atthebeginningofthereform,rtheregionalsupervisorybodies,th,the"weakimpact"ofthesebodiesonprovincialmarketsmaylikelypushtheprocessofcultivatingtheregionalelectricalpowermarketthroughthesetti,manycountrieshaveadoptedsystemreformsthatmainlyincludedparallelintroductionofmarketmechanismandrgsupervision(mainlyovereconomicregulations),introducingmaximummarketcompetitionmechanismintotheelectricalpowerindustry,adoptingtheconceptoflimitedscopeofsupervision(concentratingonsupervisionoverpowergridmonopolyofelectricalpowertransmissionanddistribution),settingthemainobjectiveofsupervisionasfacilitatingafullcompetitionamongeligibleelements,,themarketmechanismswillbeabletoplaytheirrolesinresourceallocation,,,theestablishmentofelectricalpowersupervisorybodiesandthedeterminationontheirte,,whenthemarketmechanismsarestilldeveloping,orwhentheyarestillimmature,,thesupervisorymechanismshouldbedynamic,astherearewidedifferencesbetweenprojectionsduringthmentTheidealelectricalpowermarketstructureandcompetitionmechanisms(withoutreferringtocompetitioninthesalesmarketofelectricalpowerforthetimebeing,soastocorrespondtothecurrentreformplan)mayhavethefollowingfeatures:(1)Themarketoperationmechanisms:Appropriateandeffectivecompetitionexistsinthepowergenerationmarket,andpricingforelectriributiongrids,andthegovernmentcontrolsthepricingoftransmissionanddistributionprices.(2)Themarketstructure:Nosingleelectricalpowerproducerhasdominatinginfluenceinthemarketandallentitiesmaintaintheirrespectivefairshare,allelectricalpowerproducercompaniesareindependentcompetitorsandhave/acquirediversifiedstockequitystructures.(3)Themarketstate:Aunifiedmarketwithoptimumcompetitionhastakenformandthesituationofattemptedself-sustainedbalanceofelectricalpowersupplyofindividualprovinceshasundergonefundamentalchange,nationalpowermarkethasalsogrownintoanappropriatescale,tionalscale;an,theremaybetwoapproachestosetupthepowersupervisionbody:Oneisathree-tierstructure,namely,thepowersupervisionmechanismconsistedofthreelevelsincludingthestate,regionsandcertainprovinces(ormunicipalitiesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmentorautonomousregions).Theotherisatwo-tierstructure,namely,thesupervisionmechanismconsistedofonlytwounitsatthestateandregionallevels,leavingnosimilarunitsattheprovinciallevel....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1Certainly,thismarketinconceptislimitedtothemarketofcompetingpowerproducers,aswellastheelectricalpowersalesmarkettobesetupgraduallyinfuture.、DVOR,themonetarypolicyshouldcoordinate,themonetarypolicys,inordertomaintainamoderateinflationlevel,theM2supplyshouldbecontrolledwithinagrowthsectionof17-19%whilethegrowthofloansshouldbecontrolledwithin21%.fconsumptionandinvestmentChina’,themonetarypolicyin2004shouldpay,structu,weshouldcontinuetogivepreferentialtreatmenttotheconsumercreditinfieldssuchashousingdecoration,,weshouldimplementamorerelaxedconsumercreditpolicyandpositivelyfosterthevirtuousconsumptionpsychologyandconsumptionbehaviorofpeoplentrolonforeignexchangeCurrently,theinterestratemarket-orientedreformonlyinvolvesloans,,intheyearof2004,thecentralban,seenfromthelong-termdevelopmentdirectionofChina’sexchangeratereform,,theurgentaffairscurrentlyistoloosefor,weshouldformulaterelatedpoliciesandregulationstoinitiateQualifiedDomesticInstitutionalInvestorsandimplementthestrategyof“goingout”.Secondly,weshouldreformthepresentsystemofforeignexchangesettlementandsalesandch,weshallcontinuetorelaxthelimitationontheamount’sbankingsectorhasenteredanall-roundtrouble-shootingperiodIn2004,theChinesegovernmentdecidedtoinputUS$45billionforeignexchangereservetosupplementcapitalfundfortheBankofChina(BOC)andChinaConstructionBank(CCB),BOCandCCBshouldtakeefforttostrengtheninternalreform,changetheoperationmechanism,establishsoundcorporategovernance,upgradethep,itshouldbeputontheagendatorelaxfinancialcontrolbeginningwiththeparticipationofprivatecapitalforsmallandmedium-sizedbanksandtograduallydevimeSince2004,China’sfinancialreformisaccelerated:theliberalizationofinterestrateandexchangerateprogressesgradually,bigcommercialbankswillbelistedafterrestructuring,,thedep’sdepositinsuranceinstitutionshouldreflecttheprincipleof“compulsoryparticipation,feelinkageandrisksharing”.March2004ChenXiwenHanJunResearchReportNo072,ralAreasandProvideEffectiveSupportforStrategicAgriculturalRestructuringOurinvestigationsinthethreecounties(XiangyangcountyofHubeiprovince,YanlingcountyofHenanprovince,TaihecountyofJiangxiprovince)showthatinthetraditionalagriculturalregions,theiradvantageingrainandcottonproductionhasbeenwaningandtheirefficiencyhasbeendec,theroadtoincreasingtheincomeoff,,thelackofanunimpededmarketingsystemforagriculturalproductsandtheabsenceofasoundagriculturals,itis,thecentralgovernmentexplicitlyadvocatedinitspo,despitemanyyearsofhardwork,thegoalofreturningthesecooperativesasawholetothenormsofeconomicorganizations(suchastheprivateeconomyandtheself-organizedcooperativeeconomicorganizations).Therefore,itiswrongtomerelyemphasizethatspeci,itispreferabletoproceedfromtheactualconditionsoftheruralareasandcarryoutnecessaryad,thereisneitherapropertyownershiprelationbetweenthesupplyandmarketingcooperativesatvariousleve"legs",notasinglepersonraisedtheionsisinfactdegenerating,the,thegrassrootscooperativeswhereconditionspermitm,,itisperhapspreferabletodefinethemasprivateenterprisesthatmaketheirownmanageme,mostoftheseenterprisesarenotedforlackingaseparationofgovernmentadministrationfromcorporatemanagement,aseparationofpolicy-orientedoperation,overstaffingandinefficienatingenterprisesistotrulyseparatetheirpolicy-orientedoperationsfromcommercialo,theseenterprisesa,itisnecessarytotransformtheseenterprisesintojoint-stockcompaniesassoonaspossiblesotdoptd,thestate-ownedgrain-operatingenterprisesshouldencouragefarmerstogrowcropsonacontractbasissoastointegratepurchasing,,andenterprisesofdifferentformsofownershipshoate-ownedgrain-operatingenterprises,itisnecessarytochangestlyandthatacceptinganeelfareendeavor,,itisneces,,itisnotag"threedelimitations"(personnel,organizationalstructureandbudget):th,theemphaspecializedpersonnel,,innovationshouldbemadetoenablethesystemtocarryouttechnicalcontractingaersonnelareguaranteedbygovernmentfinanceandthatagro-technicalextensionofapublicwelfarenatureisguaranteed....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiShantongHouYongzhiResearchReportNo193,’,,th,Shanghai’spercapitaGDPin2001wasashighas37,382yuanwhilethatofGuizhouProvincewasonly2,895yuan,,itisnecessarytodivideChinaintoseveralregionswhenarestudythecountry’,someinstitutionsdividedChina’,China’smainlandwasdividedintothefirst-line,,avarietyofdividingmetho(i):theeast,,theGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegionwasonceregard,,:Beijing,Tianjin,Hebei,Liaoning,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Fujian,Shandong,:Shanxi,Jilin,Heilongjiang,Anhui,Jiangxi,Henan,,municipalitiesandautonomousregions:Chongqing,Sichuan,Guizhou,Yunnan,Tibet,Shaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,Xinjiang,GuangxiandInnerMongolia.(ii),themid-anddownstream-YellowRiverregion,themid-anddownstream-YangtzeRiverregion,thesoutheastcoastalregion,thesouthwestregionandthenorthwestregion.(iii),JilinandHeilongjiang;thenorthwestregionmadeupofShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,NingxiaandXinjiang;thenorthregionmadeupofBeijing,Tianjin,Hebei,InnerMongoliaandShanxi;theeastregionmadeupofShandong,Shanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;thecentralregionmadeupofHenan,Anhui,Jiangxi,HubeiandHunan;thesouthregionmadeupofFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;andthesouthwestregionmadeupofSichuan,Guizhou,YunnanandTibet.(iv),thenortheastregioncomprisesthreenortheastprovincesandtheeasternpartofInnerMongolia;theBohaiRimregioncomprisesBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandShangdong;themid-streamYellowRiverregioncomprisesShanxi,HenanandthecentralandwesternpartofInnerMongolia;theYangtzeRiverDeltaregioncomprisesShanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;themid-streamYangtzeRiverregioncomprisesHubei,Hunan,AnhuiandJiangxi;thesoutheastcoastalregioncomprisesFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;thenorthwestregioncomprisesShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,NingxiaandXinjiang;andthesouthwestregioncomprisesSichuan,,thenortheastregionconsistsofthreenortheastprovinces;thenorthcoastalregionconsistsofBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandShandong;thenorthinlandregionconsistsofShanxi,ShaanxiandInnerMongolia;theeastcoastalregionconsistsofShanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;theeastinlandregionconsistsofHenan,AnhuiandJiangxi;thecentralinlandregionconsistsofHunanandHubei;thesouthcoastalregionconsistsofFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;thewestinlandregionconsistsofGansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,XinjiangandTibet;andthesouthwestinlandregionconsistsofSichuan,YunnanandGuizhou.(v);theJingjinjiregionincludesBeijing,Tianjin,Tangshan,QinhuangdaoandShijiazhuang;theJiqingregionincludesJinan,QingdaoandYantai;thegreaterShanghairegionincludesShanghai,Suzhou,Wuxi,Changzhou,NingboandHangzhou;thePearlRiverDeltaregionincludesGuangzhou,Shenzhen,ZhuhaiandShantou;theJiheiregionincludesChangchunandHarbin;theXiang’eganregionincludesWuhan,ChangshaandNanchang;,"threemajorregions"icdevelopmentandtheconve’snationalconditions,webelievethatinordertofacilitatethestudyofregionalissuesandtheanalysisofregionalpolicies,China’sregionaldivisionshouldfollowthefollowingnineprinciples:(1)geographiccloseness;(2)similarityinnaturalconditionsandresourceendowment;(3)similarityineconomicdevelopmentlevel;(4)closeeconomiclinksorsimilardevelopmentproblems;(5)similarityinsocialstructure;(6)propersize;(7)historicalcontinuity;(8)integrityofadministrativedivision;and(9)c,wemaydi,andthereforeisinconvenientforin-depthanalysisofregionaldifferences;somedividingmethodsfailtopreservethecompletenessofadministrativedivisionsandareinconvenientforgatheringandstudyingthedataabouttheirsocialandeconomicdevelopment;somemethodsfailtoconsiderhistoricalcontinuityandruncountertocommonsense;andsomegeographiccovtingdividingmethods,wedivideChina’smainlandintothefollowingeightmajorregions:,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces:Liaoning,,,theyarefacingmanycommonproblemssuc,whichcomprisestwomunicipalitiesandtwoprovinces:Beijing,Tianjin,,,,whichcomprisesonemunicipalityandtwoprovinces:Shanghai,,,,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces:Fujian,,,MacaoandTaiwan,thi,whichcomprisesthreeprovincesandoneautonomousregion:Shaanxi,Shanxi,,,,itsopeningtotheouts,whichcomprisesfourprovinces:Hubei,Hunan,,,itsopeninghas,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces,onemunicipalityandoneautonomousregion:Yunnan,Guizhou,Sichuan,,,,whichcomprisestwoprovincesandthreeautonomousregions:Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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